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Fiat

Fiat SpA Type Società per azioni Traded as BIT: F Industry Automotive Media Founded 11 July 1899 in Turin, Italy Founder(s) Giovanni Agnelli Headquarters Turin, Italy Key people John Elkann (Chairman) Sergio Marchionne (CEO) Products Automobiles, commercial vehicles, auto parts, newspapers, production systems Production output 4.2 million units (mass market brands - new cars and LCVs)(2012) Revenue €83.957 billion (2012) Operating income €3.814 billion (2012) Total assets €82.119 billion (end 2012) Total equity €13.173 billion (end 2012) Employees 214,836 (end 2012) Subsidiaries Automobiles* Ferrari (90%)* Maserati* Fiat Group Automobiles** Abarth** Alfa Romeo** Fiat** Fiat Professional** Lancia* Chrysler Group ** Chrysler** Dodge** Jeep** Ram Trucks** Mopar**SRTComponents and production systems* Magneti Marelli* Comau* Teksid (84.8%)Publishing and advertising* Itedi** La Stampa** Publikompass Website fiatspa.com Fiat SpA (Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino) is the parent company of the Fiat Group and, since July 2011, also the majority shareholder in Chrysler. On 29 January 2014, it was announced that Fiat SpA will be merged into a new Netherlands-based holding company Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV (FCA) with the now wholly owned Chrysler Group and that the merger is expected to take place before the end of 2014.Fiat was founded in 1899 by a group of investors, including Giovanni Agnelli. During its more than century-long history, Fiat has also manufactured railway engines and carriages, military vehicles, farm tractors, and aircraft. In 2013, Fiat (together with Chrysler) was the second largest European automaker by volumes produced, and the seventh in the world ahead of Honda, PSA Peugeot Citroën, Suzuki, Renault and Daimler AG.Over the years, Fiat has acquired numerous other automakers: it acquired Lancia in 1968, became a shareholder of Ferrari in 1969, took control of Alfa Romeo from the Italian government in 1986, purchased Maserati in 1993, and became the 100% owner of Chrysler Group LLC in 2014. Fiat Group currently produces vehicles under twelve brands: Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Dodge, Ferrari, Fiat (see Fiat Automobiles), Fiat Professional, Jeep, Lancia, Maserati, Ram Trucks, and SRT. In 1970, Fiat employed more than 100,000 in Italy when its production reached the highest number, 1.4 million cars, in that country. As of 2002, Fiat built more than 1 million vehicles at six plants in Italy and the country accounted for more than a third of the company’s revenue.Fiat-brand cars are built around the world. Outside Italy, the largest country of production is Brazil, where Fiat brand is the market leader. The group also has factories in Argentina and Poland and a long history of licensing production of its products in other countries. It also has numerous alliances and joint ventures around the world, the main ones being located in Serbia, France, Turkey, India and China.Gianni Agnelli, the grandson of founder Giovanni Agnelli, was Fiat's chairman from 1966 until 1996; he then served as honorary chairman from 1996 until his death on 24 January 2003, during which time Cesare Romiti served as chairman. He was succeeded briefly by Paolo Fresco, who served as chairman, and Paolo Cantarella, as CEO. Umberto Agnelli then took over as chairman from 2003 to 2004. After Umberto Agnelli's death on 28 May 2004, Luca Cordero di Montezemolo was named chairman, with Agnelli heir John Elkann becoming vice chairman (at the age of 28), and other family members also serving on the board. On 1 June 2004, Giuseppe Morchio was replaced by Sergio Marchionne as CEO.In September 2010, shareholders approved a plan to demerger Fiat's capital goods businesses. Agricultural and construction equipment manufacturer CNH Global NV, truck maker Iveco, and the industrial and marine division of Fiat Powertrain Technologies were spun off into a new group on 1 January 2011. The parent company, Fiat Industrial S.p.A., was listed on the Milan stock exchange on 3 January 2011.In 2010, credit rating agency Fitch cut Fiat's debt rating to BB- after it had accumulated a debt of around €9.3 billion. In 2013, Fiats debt rating was cut again, this time by Moody's, to Ba3 over concerns European demand was lower and debt was falling slower than expected. The Financial Times estimate of Fiat's debt at the time was almost €28 billion. Cite error: There are tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page).
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